October - December 2010: 
Volume 23, Issue 4

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Pneumon 2010, 23(4):388-391
BCG pneumonitis with a miliary radiological pattern complicating intravesical BCG immunotherapy
SUMMARY. The case is described of a 42 year-old male who presented with fever, haematuria, hypoxaemia, impaired liver function and a miliary pattern on chest X-ray while receiving intravesical BCG treatment for superficial bladder cancer. Initiation of antituberculous therapy resulted in rapid amelioration of the symptoms and the X-ray findings, and the patient left hospital in a good general state of health. Although M. bovis was not isolated from samples of sputum, bronchioalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) or bronchial biopsy tissue, the prompt response to antituberculous therapy suggests an infectious aetiology due to microbial dissemination. Pneumon 2010, 23(4):388-391.