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May - August 2004: 
Volume 17, Issue 2

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Unilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema: report of a case successfully treated with continuous positive airway pressure
Abstract
Reexpansion pulmonary edema is a rare complication of thoracentesis for pleural effusion or pneumothorax. The underlying mechanism of this condition is unclear, but several mechanisms have been proposed. Significant morbidity can result and death is reported in up to 20% of cases. We present a case of ipsilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema following chest tube insertion for pneumothorax successfully treated with continuous positive airway pressure. Pneumon 2004, 17(2):213-216.